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Wednesday, October 02, 2013

Kibbutz Galuyot from the South - Pretty Much Done

Yeshaya 43:5-6
אַל-תִּירָא, כִּי אִתְּךָ-אָנִי:  מִמִּזְרָח אָבִיא זַרְעֶךָ, וּמִמַּעֲרָב אֲקַבְּצֶךָּ.  אֹמַר לַצָּפוֹן תֵּנִי, וּלְתֵימָן אַל-תִּכְלָאִי; הָבִיאִי בָנַי מֵרָחוֹק, וּבְנוֹתַי מִקְצֵה הָאָרֶץ.
Fear not, for I am with thee; I will bring thy seed from the east, and gather thee from the west; I will say to the north: 'Give up,' and to the south: 'Keep not back, bring My sons from far, and My daughters from the end of the earth;
Wikisource concludes from this verse that there are 5 categories of Olim, and by extension, of Diaspora Jews still remaining:
אם כך, אפשר להבחין בכמה קבוצות של עדות:

  • עדות המזרח - כל מי שמוצאו ממזרח לארץ ישראל, מעיראק ועד הודו.
  • עדות המערב - יוצאי צפון אפריקה, ממצרים עד מרוקו.
  • עדות הצפון - יוצאי רוסיה ואירופה ("אשכנזים").
  • עדות הדרום - יוצאי אתיופיה ותימן.
  • עדות קצה הארץ - מהצד השני של כדור הארץ - יוצאי אמריקה.
If so, it's possible to distinguish between the many groups of communities:
  • The communities of the east - those whose origin is from east of the Land of Israel - from Iraq to India
  • The communities of the west - those who left North Africa, from Egypt to Morocco
  • The communities of the north - those who left Russia and Europe ("Ashkenazim")
  • The communities of the south - those who left Ethiopia and Yemen
  • The communities of the end of the earth - on the other side of the globe - those who left America
(One could also possibly distinguish between "far" and "the end of the earth" by including South America and/or Australia, or possibly even South Africa, which all have sizable amounts of Jews.)

The development of late to note is that the communities of the south - Ethiopia and Yemen - have all but completed their journey home.  The last of the Ethiopian Falashas were brought to Israel in August, while according to the recent Time Magazine article, most of the 90 Jews remaining in Yemen will leave soon.

1 direction down - 4 or 5 more to go...


At Wed Oct 02, 05:41:00 PM 2013, Anonymous Anonymous said...


At Wed Oct 02, 11:19:00 PM 2013, Blogger LondonMale said...

Still a few Ethiopians to come. Official group Aliyah has finished, but some remain.

The Americas will be fascinating, Rav Lazer Broday says that the Cherokee and some Blackfoot are Jewish.

At Wed Oct 02, 11:22:00 PM 2013, Blogger LondonMale said...

Rav Lazer Brody, not Broday (sorry, typo)

More information here about native American links to Jews:


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