Minha Gedola Part 5 - Hatam Sofer's Question on the Ramban
Part 2 (which alludes to this Hatam Sofer)
The famous Ramban on Bereishit 2:3 posits that Mashiah should come by the year 5118 (1358). Besides making a calculation of 1290 years after the destruction of the Beit Hamikdash, he also explains that it should happen about 1/10th of the way into the millennium since sunrise is 1/10th of the way into the day, and it says:
referring to the throne of Mashiah.וְכִסְאוֹ כַשֶּׁמֶשׁ נֶגְדִּיand his throne as the sun before Me
The Hatam Sofer asks on the Ramban, saying that a day should really be 24 hours since day follows night. Therefore, the first 500 years of the millennium are the years of "nighttime". Furthermore, he says, that "כשמש נגדי" (like the sun opposite Me) is not referring to Haneitz HaHama, but sometime afterwards.
The Hatam Sofer wrote his holy words in the year 5563, which is 13 years after 1/10th of the daylight hours. He had his own calculation (of אחרי נמכר גאולה תהיה לו, mentioned here, but detailed elsewhere) which didn't pan out. However, perhaps, one (=yaak) could say that once it's pushed off from sunrise, it's pushed off much later to a known halachic time. One can very well say that "opposite Me" means when it starts heading toward the West (opposite Hashem) enough to see the shadows. This time begins at Minha Gedola.